Basically, a ketogenic diet mimics starvation, allowing the body to go into a metabolic state called ketosis. Normally, human bodies are sugar-driven machines (ingested carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is mainly transported and used as energy or stored as glycogen in liver and muscle tissue). When deprived of dietary carbohydrates (usually below 35g/day), the liver becomes the sole provider of glucose to feed your hungry organs – especially the brain, a particularly greedy entity accounting for ~20% of total energy expenditure. The brain cannot DIRECTLY use fat for energy. Once liver glycogen is depleted, without a backup energy source, humanity probably would of disappeared!!
The backup is ketone bodies that the liver derives primarily from fatty acids in your diet or body fat. These ketones, (hydroxybutyrate) acetoacetate are released into the bloodstream, taken up by the brain and other organs, shuttled into the “energy factory” mitochondria and used up as fuel. Excess BHB and acetoacetate are excreted from urine, while acetone, due to its volatile nature, is breathed out (hence the characteristically sweet “keto breath”). Meanwhile, blood glucose remains physiologically normal due to glucose derived from certain amino acids and the breakdown of fatty acids therefore, low blood sugar avoided!
- Promotes Relaxation.
- May Reduce Stress & Frustration.
- May Temporarily Reduce Absentmindedness.
- May Boost Stamina.
- Helps Enhance Muscle Tone.
- May help provide relief from stress, such as occasional simple tension, nervousness due to common over work and fatigue, and gently soothes away tension.
- Stimulates Fat Loss.
- Increases Muscle Preservation.
- Reduces Brain Fog.
- Increases Focus.
- Improves Strength Gain.
- Promotes a Better Mood.
- Causes Primal Body Function.
- Provides a Deeper Sleep.
- May Promote Cleaner Digestion.
- Enhances Physical Performance.
- Promotes High Nitrogen Retention Protein Synthesis.
- Provides Elevated and Sustained High Energy Ketones.
- Promotes Thermogenesis.
- May Provide Neuroprotection & Increase brain activity.
- Promotes Triglyceride Reduction.
- Promotes Enhanced Neurological Efficiency.
- Promotes Re-balancing of Yeast in Gut (candida)
Sugar causes inflammation in the body, which is the root of many diseases, from neurological diseases to cancer.
When your body is using ketones for fuel instead of glucose, you get more Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) with less oxidative stress. This means that you are more oxygen efficient which translates to improved physical athletic performance. This has proven to be especially effective for endurance athletes such as runners and cyclists.
Ketones are Muscle Sparing.
When running on glucose, your body converts muscle to glucose (gluconeogenesis). In ketosis, your body converts fat to ketones as fuel first, preserving your hard earned muscle.
Cancer cells are fuelled by glucose and there is a growing body of research demonstrating how the ketogenic diet can be used to prevent cancer (The Ketogenic Kitchen).
AND DID YOU KNOW...
‘Both the heart and the brain run more efficiently, by as much as 25%, on ketones than on blood sugar…healthy, normal brain cells thrive when fuelled by ketones.’ Brain Grain P. 25 David Perlmutter
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